- (1433, Florence, Museo di San Marco)Commissioned by the Arte dei Linaiuoli, the Guild of Linen Merchants, from Fra Angelico for their meeting house in the Piazza Sant' Andrea in Florence, this triptych is the artist's first dated work and major commission (the frame was executed by Lorenzo Ghiberti). When closed, the triptych shows Sts. Peter and Mark, this last the guild's patron, standing against dark backgrounds. Both figures are solid, with heavy draperies, and stern expression, rendered in the style of Masaccio. When opened, the triptych presents an Enthroned Virgin and Child with St. Mark again appearing in the right panel and St. John the Baptist, patron saint of Florence, occupying the left. Here, Fra Angelico provided a contrast between the homely saints and the delicate, graceful Virgin. As customary, thepredella features narratives that relate to the altarpiece's main scenes. These are St. Peter Preaching, the Adoration of the Magi, and the Martyrdom of St. Mark. In this triptych, Fra Angelico introduced a more believable setting than those of his predecessors by substituting curtain panels for the usual gilded background, thereby granting the impression of a fully defined interior space.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Angelico, Fra — orig. Guido di Pietro born с 1400, Vicchio, Florence [Italy] died Feb. 18, 1455, Rome Italian painter and Dominican friar active in Florence. He entered the convent of San Domenico at Fiesole sometime between 1417 and 1425 and began his artistic… … Universalium
painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present. Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in … Universalium
Fra Angelico — (Fra Giovanni da Fiesole, Giovanni di Pietro; c. 1400 1455) A Dominican friar, Fra Angelico became the leading painter of Florence in the 1430s. He was from Fiesole where he entered the Dominican monastery in c. 1418, and there he is believed… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Predella — Apredella is the base on which an altarpiece sits. It is usually decorated with sculpture relief or painting and the subject chosen normally refers to that of the main scenes of the altarpiece. So, for example, the predella in Gentile da… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Ghiberti, Lorenzo — born с 1378, Pelago died Dec. 1, 1455, Florence Italian sculptor, goldsmith, and designer active in Florence. He was trained as a goldsmith and painter. In 1402 he won a competition for the commission to make a pair of bronze doors for the… … Universalium